As technology has developed, so has people’s ability to overcome the traditional communication barriers of time and distance. Using telecommunication to bridge the gap of time, distance, and affordability is a step forward in the health care industry, reaching patients in need of medical attention.
What is telemedicine
Telemedicine uses technology to facilitate communication, whether real-time or delayed, between a doctor and patient who are not in the same physical location for the purpose of medical evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. Advances in telecommunication allow the exchange of medical information from one site to another to serve patients in a clinical setting.
Telemedicine offers numerous benefits for both doctors and patients. Following are a few of the advantages of using telemedicine:
Remote Access- Communicating remotely with a doctor is a primary function of telemedicine. With this technology, doctors can reach patients in remote, rural, and underserved areas where there might not be an available doctor or hospital. Through telemedicine, patients can access doctors for routine visits, emergency care, or diagnostics from a specialist.
Specialist Availability - Another benefit of telemedicine is increased access to specialists. Even when patients live in urban areas with numerous doctors and hospitals, specialists for rare health conditions may not practice in the area. Telemedicine enables patients in both rural and urban areas to connect with specialists who may be hundreds of miles away.
Cost Savings - Reduction in cost is another significant benefit of telemedicine. Patients may save money for routine and specialist care because they don’t have to pay travel expenses for distant doctors and don’t have to take excessive time off work to travel. Doctors are also more efficient in the number of patients they can see in a day, which can help reduce overhead and related costs. Also, remote monitoring can help lessen the much higher cost of lengthy hospitalizations or in-home nursing, and it may reduce the cost of managing chronic conditions. Remote monitoring can also help prevent hospital readmission by properly supervising care following a patient’s discharge from the hospital.
Convenient Care - For some patients, the comfort and convenience of consulting with a doctor from the safety of their own homes is a tremendous advantage. The convenience can also improve care. For example, when patients are at home, they have ready access to the information necessary for the doctor to diagnose and prescribe. Also, because the patient is at home, it is often easier to take notes or even include a family member who can help retain important information from the doctor.
The role of telemedicine
Fueled by technological advances and answering the call for consumer-convenient care, telemedicine offers many advantages. Although not the same as visiting an actual doctor’s office, a telemedicine visit can prove beneficial by warding off further illness or disease, stabilizing a condition until a patient can reach a hospital, or monitoring a patient at home. Telemedicine is not a complete replacement for face-to-face health care, but it can be a helpful supplement and even a temporary substitute for traditional medical care.